The following is selection of the research and articles that support the theory and practice of our Rhythmic Movement Training International courses. If at all possible we have included a link to the specific article, however for copyright reasons this has not always been possible.


Rhythmic Movement Training Book

Movements that Heal – Harald Blomberg with Moira Dempsey – Bookpal Qld Australia 2011. Download Bibliograpy

Research Specifically for Rhythmic Movement Training

RMTi in the Classroom - The influences of a primitive reflex integration programme within the classroom: teacher/parent perspectives and student results - Tessa M. Grigg - 2018

Abstract and Table of Contents - Rebooting Development With A Rhythmic Motor Intervention – Mary Gazca - Unpublished Research Paper Dissertation – St Catherine’s University Minneapolis MN USA - 2012

The Voice of Parents Who Have Used Rhythmic Movement Training with Their Child - Tessa M. Grigg - 2016.

Retained Primitive Reflexes - Perceptions of Parents Who Have Used Rhythmic Movement Training With Their Children – Tessa Grigg, Wendy Fox-Turnbull and Ian Culpan – Journel of Child Healthcare - March 2018.

Articles Related to RMT

Listening, Auditory Processing, Reflex links and support with RMT - Evonne Bennell 2016.

Dyslexia, RMT and Reflexes - Moira Dempsey 2015.

Rhythmic Movement Training (RMTi) works witht Rhythmic Movement Disorder (RMD) - Moira Dempsey 2015.

Rhythmic Movement Training (RMTi) and working with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) - Moira Dempsey.

Research about Primitive Reflexes

Primitive Reflexes and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Developmental Origins of Classroom Dysfunction - Myra Taylor, Stephen Houghton and Elaine Chapman - The University of Western Australia – International Journal of Special Education 2004, Vol 19, No1

Reflexes Gone Astray in Autism - Philip Teitelbaum, Osnat B. Teitelbaum, Joshua Fryman, and Ralph Maurer

Movement analysis in infancy may by useful for early diagnosis of autism - Philip Teitelbaum, Osnat B. Teitelbaum, Joshua Fryman, and Ralph Maurer


Primitive Reflexes and Their Relationship to Delayed Cortical Maturation, under connectivity and Functional Disconnection in Childhood Neurobehavioral Disorders - Robert Melillo - FNRE (2011) ISSN: 2156-941X Volume 1, Issue 2 pp. © 2011 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.


Retained Primitive Reflexes and ADHD in Children - Jana Konicarova and Petr Bob - Activitas Nervosa Superior 2012, 54, No. 3-4

Principles of Dissolution and Primitive Reflexes in ADHD - Jana Konicarova & Petr Bob - Activitas Nervosa Superior 2013, 55, No. 1-2

Persisting primitive reflexes in medication-naive girls with attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorderPersisting primitive reflexes in medication-naive girls with attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder - Jana Kornicarova, Petr Bob, Jiri Raboch (Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 19 September 2013)

Primary reflex persistence in children with reading difficulties (dyslexia): A cross-sectional study. - McPhillips M, Jordan-Black J-A. - Neuropsychologia 2007; 45: 748-754

The effect of social disadvantage on motor development in young children: a comparative study. - McPhillips M, Jordan-Black J-A. - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2007; 48(12): 1214-1222

The effects of the Primary Movement programme on the academic performance of children attending ordinary primary school. - Jordan-Black J-A. - Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs 2005; 5(3): 101-111

Prevalence of persistent primary reflexes and motor problems in children with reading difficulties - McPhillips M, Sheehy N. - Dyslexia 2004; 10(4): 316-338

Effects of replicating primary-reflex movements on specific reading difficulties in children. - McPhillips M, Hepper PG, Mulhern G. - Lancet 2000; 355: 537-541

The Grasp Reflex and Moro Reflex in Infants: Hierarchy of Primitive Reflex Responses - Yasuyuki Futagi, Yasuhisa Toribe, and Yasuhiro Suzuki Department of Pediatric Neurology, Osaka Medical Center and Research Institute for Maternal and Child Health, 840 Murodo-cho, Izumi, Osaka 594-1101, Japan
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 4, August 2003, pp. 359–370 

Motor deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder: a cross-syndrome study.Motor deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder: a cross-syndrome study.  Autism research., 7 (6). pp. 664-676. McPhillips, M. and Finlay, J. and Bejerot, S. and Hanley, M. (2014)

Primitive Reflexes and Postural Reactions in the Neurodevelopmental ExaminationPrimitive Reflexes and Postural Reactions in the Neurodevelopmental Examination Dimitrios I. Zafeiriou, MD, PhD - Pediatr Neurol. 2004 Jul;31(1):1-8

Articles on Reflexes, Movement, Development and Language

Planned Birth Before 39 Weeks and Child Development: A Population-Based Study - Jason P. Bentley, et al published in PEDIATRICS Volume 138, number 6, December 2016

Head Lag in Infants at Risk for Autism:A Preliminary Study - Joanne Flanagan et al - The American Journal Of Occupational Therapy - September/October 2013

Motor Impairment in Sibling Pairs Concordant and Discordant for Autism Spectrum Disorders - Hilton, Claudia List et al. - Autism : the international journal of research and practice 16.4 (2012)

Moving with the Brain in Mind – Eric Jensen – Educational Leadership – November 2000

Mutism, Elective Mutism, Selective Mutism – Svea Gold - Fern Ridge Press – OR USA 2003

Behavior During the Prenatal Period: Adaptive for Development and Survival -Peter Hepper, Martin McPhillips 

Babies Naturally – Bette Lamont – Seattle Washington – 2009

Baby Walkers – Australian Physiotherapy Association – Position Paper – November 2007

Associations between Media Viewing and Language Development in Children Under Age 2 Years - Frederick J Zimmerman, PhD; Dimitri A Christakis, MD MPH: Andrew N Meltzoff PhD - The Journal of Pediatrics • April 2007

Infant Reflexes and Adult Development – Sensory Integration through Movement - Eve Kodiak 

Rhythm, movement, and autism: using rhythmic rehabilitation research as a model for autism - Michelle W. Hardy and A. Blythe LaGasse - Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience March 2013 Volume 7 Article 19

A dynamic developmental theory of Attention-Deficit /Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) predominantly hyperactive/impulsive and combined Subtypes - Terje Sagvolden, Espen Borgå Johansen, Heidi Aase, Vivienne Ann Russell - Behavioral and Brain Sciences (in press) © 2004 Cambridge University Press

Reversing Letters, Asymmetric Tonic Neck, Neck Retraction Reflexes and Apraxia are Predictive of Dyslexia - Hala A Shaheen

Improving fine motor skills in young children: an intervention study – Brown CG - Educational Psychology in Practice 2010; 26(3): 269-278

Neural substrates underlying fear-evoked freezing: the periaqueductal grey - cerebellar link. - Stella Koutsikou, Jonathan J. Crook, Emma V. Earl, J. Lianne Leith, Thomas C. Watson, Bridget M. Lumb, Richard Apps. The Journal of Physiology, 2014; DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2013.268714

The History of Reflexes Part 1: Saturday, December 15 2012, 12:09 PM The History of Reflexes Part 1: From Descartes to Pavlov - Clarac, F (2005) The History of Reflexes Part 1: From Descartes to Pavlov, IBRO History of Neuroscience 

Articles from Dana.Org


ADHD: 10 years On – Philip Shaw Phd -  Cerebrum April 2013

The Darkness Within: Individual Differences In Stress – George F Koob PhD - Cerebrum April 2015

One of A Kind: The Neurobiology of Individuality - Richard J. Davidson – Cerebrum June 2014

Play, Stress and the Learning Brain – Sam Wang PhD and Sandra Aamodt PhD – Cerebrum Sept 2012

Axons Help New Neurons Travel During Development - Kayt Sukel - August 2015

Brain in the News

The myth of the “educational” toy – Fred Barbash The Washington Post 22 December 2014

The Low down on Longhand: How writing by Hand Benefits the Brain – Ainissa Ramirez Edutopia Aug 6, 2014

Unstoppable Learning – NPR/Ted Radio Hour April 26. 2013

How the Brain Learns from Mistakes – Kayt Sukel – October 16 2012

How Children Succeed - Paul Tough – Slate September 5, 2015

Rhythm and Music Help Math Students – Sophie Bushwick – Scientific American: 60 Second Science March 27, 2012

Special Educators Borrow From Brain Studies – Nirva Shah – Education Week – January 17, 2012

Visualizing How We Read – Carl Sherman – The Dana Foundation – March 25, 2011 

Rhythm, Movement and Autism - Michelle Hardy and Blythe Grasse - NCBI - March 28, 2013

Information from Edutopia

Brain Based Learning: Resource Roundup
Articles from National Scientific Council on the Developing Child – Center on the Developing Child Harvard University –


The Science of Early Childhood Development – Closing the Gap Between What We Know and What We Do 

Working Papers

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2004). Young Children Develop in an Environment of Relationships: Working Paper No. 1.

Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University (2011). Building the Brain’s “Air Traffic Control” System: How Early Experiences Shape the Development of Executive Function: Working Paper No. 11.

National Scientific Council on the Developing Child (2010). Persistent Fear and Anxiety Can Affect Young Children’s Learning and Development: Working Paper No. 9.


Rich Experiences, Physical Activity Create Healthy Brains: An Interview with Developmental Psychologist William Greenough

Critical Periods in the Development of Fear

Information from Stephen Porges

The Polyvagal Theory for Treating Trauma - Stephen W. Porges, PhD interview with Ruth Buczynski, PhD - The National Institute for the Clinical Application of Behavioral Medicine

Beyond the Brain: How the Vagal System Holds the Secret to Treating Trauma - Stephen W. Porges, PhD interview with Ruth Buczynski, PhD - The National Institute for the Clinical Application of Behavioral Medicine 2013

Neuroception: A Subconscious System for Detecting Threats and Safety – Stephen W Porges - Zero to Three May 2004 


Ayres, A.J. (1995): Sensory Integration and the Child. Western Psychological Services.USA.

Bowman, Katy (2013): Alignment Matters - Propriometrics Press USA

Doidge, Norman (2007): The Brain that Changes Itself. Scribe USA

Doidge, Norman (2015): The Brain's Way of Healing: Remarkable Discoveries and Recoveries for the Frontiers or Neuroplasticity. Scribe USA

Goddard, Sally (1996): A Teacher's Window into the Child's Mind. Fern Ridge Press USA

Goddard, Sally (2002): Reflexes, Learning & Behaviour. Fern Ridge Press. USA

Goddard Blythe, Sally (2009): Attention, Balance and Coordination. Wiley-Blackwell

Goddard Blythe, Sally (2014): Neuromotor Immaturity in Children and Adults. Wiley Blackwell

Herschkowitz, Norbert and Chapman Herschkowitz, Elinore (2004): A Good Start in Life: Understanding Your Child's Brain and Behavior from Birth to Age 6 - Dana Books

Ratey, John J, MD (2008): Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain. Little Brown

Porter, Kathleen (2010): Sad Dog Happy Dog: How poor posture affects your child's health & what you can do about it - Mekevan Press

Wang, Sam and Aamodt, Sandra (2011): Welcome to Your Child's Brain: How the Mind Grows from Conception to College - Bloomsbury 

Paul H Lipkin (2009): Motor Development and Dysfunction – From Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics – Fourth Edition Chapter 66